Configure and Maximize Laptop on Ubuntu Desktop as Daily Marketing Activity.

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Configure and Maximize Laptop on Ubuntu Desktop as Daily Marketing Activity.

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If you're using Microsoft Os Windows 10...
Please click the link below:
a good article with good methods Indeed!

https://linuxhint.com/windows-10-pc-ran ... wn-solved/

If you're using laptop and suddently shutdown unexpectedly...
or when you're working normally such like:
When you're searching and browsing GMAIL inbox appear an alert: You're offline! results will be limited.
While the Power cord plug-in? and your internet connection working normally?
but your laptop is very hot... Overheating!

Here's my tips and tricks that I'm using it from many many years ago:
My Old laptop hp elitebook 2540p battery could be leaked...
which make BIOS system within your laptop working not correctly.
Just Dropped out the battery from the laptop, keep it away from your device but place it to the other safe place.
Then Follow this link below:
https://linuxhint.com/windows-10-pc-ran ... wn-solved/

and start using your laptop normally without the battery plugin but keep the Power cord plugin and internet connection connected.
and you're searching and browsing GMAIL inbox normally will get no alert appears anymore!

If you're using Os Linux Ubuntu 20.04 LTS... Please Read!

I would like to share my marketing activity using my Laptop:
hp EliteBook 2450p, using Ubuntu desktop 20.04.5 LTS.

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jerry@hp-2540p:~$ hostnamectl
   Static hostname: hp-2540p
         Icon name: computer-laptop
           Chassis: laptop
        Machine ID: 1536efa361084xxxad8183c2aebaec8b
           Boot ID: a10be3562xxx475696f0911b3a271659
  Operating System: Ubuntu 20.04.5 LTS
            Kernel: Linux 5.15.0-56-generic
      Architecture: x86-64
jerry@hp-2540p:~$ 
Opening a lot of multiple tab at the same browser in my daily activity, As a marketer... this is a normal habit,
but most of the time...
We've got a lot of problems with our device,
such as:
> The laptop hang due too many open multiple tab,
> The laptop running effects... very slow,
> The laptop running load average very high then shutdown unexpectedly.

To resolve the problems...

#1. Reduce the overheating.

There are two tools which you can use to reduce overheating
and thus get a better system performance in Ubuntu...
TLP and CPUFREQ.

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sudo add-apt-repository ppa:linrunner/tlp
sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install tlp tlp-rdw
sudo tlp start
To install CPUFREQ indicator use the following command:

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sudo apt-get install indicator-cpufreq
also...

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sudo apt-get install cpupower-gui
Restart your computer and use the powersave mode in it.
and looks like this:

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jerry@hp-2540p:~$ cpupower frequency-info
analyzing CPU 0:
  driver: acpi-cpufreq
  CPUs which run at the same hardware frequency: 0
  CPUs which need to have their frequency coordinated by software: 0
  maximum transition latency: 10.0 us
  hardware limits: 1.20 GHz - 2.13 GHz
  available frequency steps:  2.13 GHz, 2.13 GHz, 2.00 GHz, 1.87 GHz, 1.73 GHz, 1.60 GHz, 1.47 GHz, 1.33 GHz, 1.20 GHz
  available cpufreq governors: conservative ondemand userspace powersave performance schedutil
  current policy: frequency should be within 1.20 GHz and 2.13 GHz.
                  The governor "ondemand" may decide which speed to use
                  within this range.
  current CPU frequency: Unable to call hardware
  current CPU frequency: 1.58 GHz (asserted by call to kernel)
  boost state support:
    Supported: yes
    Active: yes
    33999 MHz max turbo 4 active cores
    33999 MHz max turbo 3 active cores
    33999 MHz max turbo 2 active cores
    33999 MHz max turbo 1 active cores
jerry@hp-2540p:~$
#2. Install MSI Fan control within your Gnome Extention
(Edit: Since Jan-2023 I'm not using it anymore...)

Just start using powersave mode only (to reduce the heat rise up)
For your reference:
https://extensions.gnome.org/

#3. update your Ubuntu grub using this configuration: Edited: Thu, May 11, 2023

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sudo nano /etc/default/grub

# If you change this file, run 'update-grub' afterwards to update
# /boot/grub/grub.cfg.
# For full documentation of the options in this file, see:
#   info -f grub -n 'Simple configuration'

GRUB_DEFAULT="0"
#GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT="0"
GRUB_HIDDEN_TIMEOUT_QUIET="true"
GRUB_TIMEOUT="20"
GRUB_DISTRIBUTOR="`lsb_release -i -s 2> /dev/null || echo Debian`"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX_DEFAULT="quiet splash intel_pstate=disable acpi-cpufreq=enable cpufreq.default_governor=powersave"
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX=""
acpi_osi=Linux

# Uncomment to enable BadRAM filtering, modify to suit your needs
# This works with Linux (no patch required) and with any kernel that obtains
# the memory map information from GRUB (GNU Mach, kernel of FreeBSD ...)
#GRUB_BADRAM="0x01234567,0xfefefefe,0x89abcdef,0xefefefef"

# Uncomment to disable graphical terminal (grub-pc only)
#GRUB_TERMINAL="console"

# The resolution used on graphical terminal
# note that you can use only modes which your graphic card supports via VBE
# you can see them in real GRUB with the command `vbeinfo'
#GRUB_GFXMODE="640x480"
GRUB_GFXMODE="1280x800"
#GRUB_GFXMODE="1366x768"

# Uncomment if you don't want GRUB to pass "root=UUID=xxx" parameter to Linux
#GRUB_DISABLE_LINUX_UUID="true"

# Uncomment to disable generation of recovery mode menu entries
#GRUB_DISABLE_RECOVERY="true"

# Uncomment to get a beep at grub start
#GRUB_INIT_TUNE="480 440 1"

# Uncomment to get a theme
export GRUB_COLOR_NORMAL="light-gray/black"
#GRUB_THEME="/usr/share/grub/themes/Tela/theme.txt"
# or
#GRUB_THEME="/usr/share/grub/themes/Stylish/theme.txt"
# or
#GRUB_THEME="/usr/share/grub/themes/Vimix/theme.txt"

# End default grub
Save file.

#Tweaking kernel for maximum concurrency.: (Edited on: Thu, May 15, 2023)

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#
# /etc/sysctl.conf - Configuration file for setting system variables
# See /etc/sysctl.d/ for additional system variables.
# See sysctl.conf (5) for information.
#

#kernel.domainname = example.com

# Uncomment the following to stop low-level messages on console
#kernel.printk = 3 4 1 3

##############################################################3
# Functions previously found in netbase
#

# Uncomment the next two lines to enable Spoof protection (reverse-path filter)
# Turn on Source Address Verification in all interfaces to
# prevent some spoofing attacks
#net.ipv4.conf.default.rp_filter=1
#net.ipv4.conf.all.rp_filter=1

# Uncomment the next line to enable TCP/IP SYN cookies
# See http://lwn.net/Articles/277146/
# Note: This may impact IPv6 TCP sessions too
#net.ipv4.tcp_syncookies=1

# Uncomment the next line to enable packet forwarding for IPv4
#net.ipv4.ip_forward=1

# Uncomment the next line to enable packet forwarding for IPv6
#  Enabling this option disables Stateless Address Autoconfiguration
#  based on Router Advertisements for this host
#net.ipv6.conf.all.forwarding=1


###################################################################
# Additional settings - these settings can improve the network
# security of the host and prevent against some network attacks
# including spoofing attacks and man in the middle attacks through
# redirection. Some network environments, however, require that these
# settings are disabled so review and enable them as needed.
# Do not accept ICMP redirects (prevent MITM attacks)
#net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
#net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_redirects = 0
# _or_
# Accept ICMP redirects only for gateways listed in our default
# gateway list (enabled by default)
#net.ipv4.conf.all.secure_redirects = 1
#
# Do not send ICMP redirects (we are not a router)
#net.ipv4.conf.all.send_redirects = 0
#
# Do not accept IP source route packets (we are not a router)
#net.ipv4.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
#net.ipv6.conf.all.accept_source_route = 0
#
# Log Martian Packets
#net.ipv4.conf.all.log_martians = 1
#
# Increase the tcp-time-wait buckets pool size to prevent simple DOS attacks
#net.ipv4.tcp_max_tw_buckets = 1440000
#net.ipv4.tcp_tw_recycle = 1
#net.ipv4.tcp_tw_reuse = 1
#
### TUNING NETWORK PERFORMANCE ###
# 
# Increase number of incoming connections
net.core.somaxconn = 8192
#
# Increase number of incoming connections backlog
#net.core.netdev_max_backlog = 65536
#
# Increase the maximum amount of option memory buffers
net.core.optmem_max = 25165824
#
#
###################################################################
# Magic system request Key
# 0=disable, 1=enable all, >1 bitmask of sysrq functions
# See https://www.kernel.org/doc/html/latest/admin-guide/sysrq.html
# for what other values do
#kernel.sysrq=438
#
#Maximize Swappiness to set the ram compatibility for 8gb
vm.swappiness= 120
#vm.dirty_ratio = 60
#vm.dirty_background_ratio = 2
#
# Tweaks for faster broadband...
net.core.rmem_default = 524288
net.core.rmem_max = 524288
net.core.wmem_default = 524288
net.core.wmem_max = 524288
net.ipv4.tcp_wmem = 4096 87380 524288
net.ipv4.tcp_rmem = 4096 87380 524288
net.ipv4.tcp_mem = 524288 524288 524288
net.ipv4.tcp_rfc1337 = 1
net.ipv4.ip_no_pmtu_disc = 0
net.ipv4.tcp_sack = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_fack = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_window_scaling = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_timestamps = 1
net.ipv4.tcp_ecn = 0
net.ipv4.route.flush = 1
#
Save file.
To make sure it'll be running properly, run this command in terminal:

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sudo sysctl -p
#4. Maximize Swappiness:
We want to change this swappiness value to 120. (8GB RAM)
To do this,
you will need to edit the sysctl.conf file.
Just enter the following command into the terminal to open the file:

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sudo nano /etc/sysctl.conf
Now find/add the line :

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vm.swappiness= 120
vm.dirty_ratio = 60
vm.dirty_background_ratio = 2 
to the bottom of the file.
Save file and You should update the grub.

type in terminal:

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echo FRAMEBUFFER=y | sudo tee /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/splash && 
sudo update-initramfs -u && 
sudo update-grub
Or...
You might be want to use this method (8GB RAM):
regarding vm.swappiness
Let's increase your /swapfile to 4G, and set vm.swappiness to a more appropriate value.

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sudo swapoff -a           	# turn off swap
sudo rm -i /swapfile      		# remove old /swapfile
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/swapfile bs=1M count=4096
sudo chmod 600 /swapfile  		# set proper file protections
sudo mkswap /swapfile     		# init /swapfile
sudo swapon /swapfile     		# turn on swap
free -h
Edit your /etc/fstab, using sudo nano /etc/fstab or sudo -H gedit /etc/fstab or sudo pico /etc/fstab.

Confirm this /swapfile line in /etc/fstab...
and confirm no other “swap” lines... use SPACES in this line... confirm NO TABS...

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/swapfile  none  swap  sw  0  0
Save...

Edit /etc/sysctl.conf

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sudo nano /etc/sysctl.conf
Find the line that has vm.swappiness=10 or 20
and set it with:

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vm.swappiness= 120
vm.dirty_ratio = 60
vm.dirty_background_ratio = 2
Save the file. make it sure its running properly straightaway...

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sudo sysctl -p
update the grub.
type in terminal:

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echo FRAMEBUFFER=y | sudo tee /etc/initramfs-tools/conf.d/splash && 
sudo update-initramfs -u && 
sudo update-grub
reboot your system, then check your /swapfile

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free -h

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jerry@localhost:~$ free -h
              total        used        free      shared  buff/cache   available
Mem:          7.3Gi       2.2Gi       2.2Gi       173Mi       2.8Gi       4.6Gi
Swap:          15Gi          0B        15Gi

jerry@localhost:~$
#5. Install Psensors, makes use of lm-sensors and hddtemp to get the temperatures:

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sudo apt-get install psensor
and setup preferences and sensor preferences with your device.

#6. MTU Setting

MTU stands for Maximum Transmission Unit and it is basically a parameter that determines the maximum size of data packets
that are allowed to be transferred from the network to your system.
If the MTU value is too small, then you are crippling your speed by dealing with large number of packages, and if it is too large, you are letting the data transmission occupy significant portions of your bandwidth for larger periods of time, essentially causing lag.
So, there is a golden ratio as in everything and if you want to squeeze the maximum performance out of your internet connection,
you can determine and set your MTU to an optimal value.
Open a new terminal session and start ping tests to see what the optimal MTU value is.
Use the following command:

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ping -M do -s 1470 google.com
Start with 1480 and drop 10 by 10 until you find the highest value
that is indicating 0% packet loss, using “Ctrl+C” to cancel each ping.
After you have determined the optimal MTU value, go to /etc/network/interfaces:

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sudo nano /etc/network/interfaces
And add a line “mtu 1470” without quotation marks "..."
(or whatever value you found as the best) and save the file.
Note that you need to open the configuration file as the system administrator
or else you won't be able to save your changes.

#7. Install preload

preload is an adaptive readahead daemon. It monitors applications that users run, and by analyzing this data, predicts what applications users might run, and fetches those binaries and their dependencies into memory for faster startup times.

Update apt database:

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sudo apt-get update
Install preload:

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sudo apt-get -y install preload
You need to restart/reboot your ubuntu system.

And make sure your esm-infra and Livepatch status are enabled:
For your reference:
https://auth.livepatch.canonical.com/?u ... buntu-user

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jerry@hp-2540p:~$ sudo ua status
[sudo] password for jerry:            
SERVICE          ENTITLED  STATUS    DESCRIPTION
esm-infra        yes       enabled   Expanded Security Maintenance for Infrastructure
fips             yes       disabled  NIST-certified core packages
fips-updates     yes       disabled  NIST-certified core packages with priority security updates
livepatch        yes       enabled   Canonical Livepatch service
usg              yes       disabled  Security compliance and audit tools

Enable services with: pro enable <service>

     Account: xxxxxxxxxx@emailprovider.com
Subscription: Ubuntu Pro - free personal subscription
jerry@hp-2540p:~$
Your Pro version:

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jerry@hp-2540p:~$ pro --version
27.12~20.04.1
jerry@hp-2540p:~$
and your pro security-status:

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jerry@hp-2540p:~$ pro security-status
2198 packages installed:
     1656 packages from Ubuntu Main/Restricted repository
     237 packages from Ubuntu Universe/Multiverse repository
     244 packages from third parties
     61 packages no longer available for download

To get more information about the packages, run
    pro security-status --help
for a list of available options.

Main/Restricted packages receive updates with LTS until 2025.

jerry@hp-2540p:~$ 
Last but not least... Turn on your air conditioner too, Make it cooler...
Hopefully, this will speed things up a bit without causing network data package errors,
and your daily marketing activity running smoothly as well.

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jerry@hp-2540p:~$ echo " " && echo "----------------" && echo "Updating System!" && echo "----------------" && sudo apt update --fix-missing && sudo apt --fix-broken install && sudo apt upgrade -y && sudo apt dist-upgrade --yes && echo " "
 
----------------
Updating System!
----------------
[sudo] password for jerry:            
Get:1 https://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb stable InRelease [1,811 B]
Get:2 https://dl.google.com/linux/chrome/deb stable/main amd64 Packages [1,078 B]                                                                                 
Get:3 http://ppa.launchpad.net/gezakovacs/ppa/ubuntu focal InRelease [17.5 kB]                                                                                    
Get:4 http://archive.canonical.com/ubuntu focal InRelease [12.1 kB]                                                                                               
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Get:84 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main DEP-11 64x64 Icons [36.0 kB]                                                                       
Get:85 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main DEP-11 64x64@2 Icons [29 B]                                                                        
Get:86 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/main amd64 c-n-f Metadata [12.5 kB]                                                                     
Get:87 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/restricted amd64 Packages [1,605 kB]                                                                    
Get:88 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/restricted amd64 c-n-f Metadata [612 B]                                                                 
Get:89 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe amd64 Packages [820 kB]                                                                        
Get:90 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [95.5 kB]                                                                
Get:91 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe DEP-11 48x48 Icons [48.3 kB]                                                                   
Get:92 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe DEP-11 64x64 Icons [94.8 kB]                                                                   
Get:93 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe DEP-11 64x64@2 Icons [29 B]                                                                    
Get:94 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/universe amd64 c-n-f Metadata [17.6 kB]                                                                 
Get:95 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/multiverse amd64 Packages [22.9 kB]                                                                     
Get:96 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/multiverse amd64 DEP-11 Metadata [940 B]                                                                
Get:97 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/multiverse DEP-11 48x48 Icons [1,867 B]                                                                 
Get:98 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/multiverse DEP-11 64x64 Icons [2,497 B]                                                                 
Get:99 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/multiverse DEP-11 64x64@2 Icons [29 B]                                                                  
Get:100 http://us.archive.ubuntu.com/ubuntu focal-security/multiverse amd64 c-n-f Metadata [516 B]                                                                
Fetched 38.6 MB in 2min 35s (249 kB/s)                                                                                                                            
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
All packages are up to date.
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
Calculating upgrade... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.

jerry@hp-2540p:~$

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jerry@hp-2540p:~$ echo " " && echo "------------" && echo "Cleaning Up!" && echo "------------" && sudo apt -f install && sudo apt -y autoremove --purge && sudo apt -y autoclean && cat /dev/null > .local/share/recently-used.xbel && sudo sysctl vm.drop_caches=4 && echo " "
 
------------
Cleaning Up!
------------
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
0 upgraded, 0 newly installed, 0 to remove and 0 not upgraded.
Reading package lists... Done
Building dependency tree       
Reading state information... Done
vm.drop_caches = 4
 
jerry@hp-2540p:~$
#8. Remove a PPA from the source list in the terminal

For some reasons... You need to remove the PPA from the sources list where these PPAs are stored. PPA repositories are store in the form of PPA_Name.list.
Use the following command to see all the PPAs added in your system:

Code: Select all

ls /etc/apt/sources.list.d
Look for your desire PPA here and then remove the .list file associated with the PPA using the following command:

Code: Select all

sudo rm -i /etc/apt/sources.list.d/PPA_Name.list
The -i option with rm command asks before removing a file. Consider this as a safety check.
Just answer with "Y" or "N".

#9. Open DNS

If you've got problem to reach Google.com or Paypal.com, That's mean your DNS Internet connection is in wrong setting,
Just use the default/auto DNS given from Your Internet Service Network Provider.
Also use the default/auto ROUTER given from Your Internet Network Provider too.
Do not use open DNS such like : 8.8.8.8, 8.8.4.4, 1.1.1.1, 9.9.9.9 within your Device Modem/WiFi/OS (Operating System),
just use: 192.168.1.1 or IP which has given by your ISP.

If your ISP allowing you to use:
First DNS: 8.8.8.8
Secondary DNS: 8.8.4.4
Then there will be no problem when your browser connecting TLS handshake to paypalobjects.com to login to paypal.com or to reach google.com as well.

In case Your connection get an Error event when Connection TLS handshake which result to CSS/Layout/Style web page messed and the links will not connecting/working correctly. (You should contact your ISP or change your ISP Provider)
or
DNS_PROBE_FINISHED_NXDOMAIN

What this error mean?
The DNS_PROBE_FINISHED_NXDOMAIN error means that your DNS setup failed to resolve the address you're trying to open in your browser.
The NXDOMAIN part... refers to Non-Existent Domain, meaning there were issues finding the IP-address for the domain name you requested

Do not mislead...
Open DNS will worked only to used to serve Domain Name System zone for Website Domain within your own Server profile,
and not for Desktop/Laptop Device.

Have take a look... Stable performance! 23 tabs opened at Firefox and Google Chrome Browser in the same time session:
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